shale definition: 1. a type of soft, grey rock, usually formed from clay that has become hard, that breaks easily….  Some oil shales yield sulfur, ammonia, alumina, soda ash, uranium, and nahcolite as shale-oil extraction byproducts. Examples of how to use “shale oil” in a sentence from the Cambridge Dictionary Labs , In-situ processing involves heating the oil shale underground. Hypernyms ("oil shale" is a kind of...): shale (a sedimentary rock formed by the deposition of successive layers of clay) More. Last 300 years. Shale Meaning in Arabic: Searching meanings in Arabic can be beneficial for understanding the context in an efficient manner. "Resources" refers to all oil shale deposits, while "reserves", represents those deposits from which producers can extract oil shale economically using existing technology. A 2016 estimate of global deposits set the total world resources of oil shale equivalent of 6.05 trillion barrels (962 billion cubic metres) of oil in place. Copyright © 2010 by EN. oil shale n a fine-grained shale containing oil, which can be extracted by heating   Known oil shales are predominantly aquatic (marine, lacustrine) origin. Last 50 years In addition to its use as a fuel, oil shale may also serve in the production of specialty carbon fibers, adsorbent carbons, carbon black, phenols, resins, glues, tanning agents, mastic, road bitumen, cement, bricks, construction and decorative blocks, soil-additives, fertilizers, rock-wool insulation, glass, and pharmaceutical products. Shale oil is a substitute for conventional crude oil; however, extracting shale oil from oil shale is more costly than the production of conventional crude oil both financially and in terms of its environmental impact. , Oil shale differs from bitumen-impregnated rocks (oil sands and petroleum reservoir rocks), humic coals and carbonaceous shale. Common applications for paraffin wax include lubrication, electrical insulation, … Classified under: Nouns denoting substances. Look up in Linguee; Suggest as a translation of "shale oil" Copy; DeepL Translator Linguee. , Heating oil shale to a sufficiently high temperature causes the chemical process of pyrolysis to yield a vapor. Operations during the 19th century focused on the production of kerosene, lamp oil, and paraffin; these products helped supply the growing demand for lighting that arose during the Industrial Revolution. Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android. , As of 2009[update], 80% of oil shale used globally is extracted in Estonia, mainly due to the Oil-shale-fired power plants. Define shale oil. See more. bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, ... All our dictionaries are bidirectional, meaning that you can look up words in both languages at the same time. Sims, G. K. and E.J. Open menu. cheap conventional petroleum in the 1980s, Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985, Environmental impact of the oil shale industry, "Geology and resources of some world oil shale deposits", "Oil Shale and Other Unconventional Fuels Activities", "Slow Radio-Frequency Processing of Large Oil Shale Volumes to Produce Petroleum-like Shale Oil", United States Environmental Protection Agency, "Estonian oil shale properties and utilization in power plants", "Oil shales in the world and Turkey; reserves, current situation and future prospects: a review", Oil Shale. Oil shale definition is - a rock (such as shale) from which oil can be recovered by distillation. Noun. Show declension of shale. a sedimentary rock formed by the deposition of successive layers of clay. The article portrayed coal liquefaction as less expensive, generating more oil, and creating fewer environmental impacts than extraction from oil shale. Elapsed time: 73 ms. More features with our free app. Shale Oil: oil extracted from oil shale by heating.. The higher concentrations of these materials means that the oil must undergo considerable upgrading (hydrotreating) before serving as oil-refinery feedstock. 1. , The shale oil derived from oil shale does not directly substitute for crude oil in all applications. To take off the shell or coat of. Definition of shale oil in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Some commentators compare the proposed American oil-shale industry to the Athabasca oil-sands industry (the latter enterprise generated over 1 million barrels (160,000 cubic metres) of oil per day in late 2007), stating that "the first-generation facility is the hardest, both technically and economically". sedimentary rock - rock formed from consolidated clay sediments.  Depending on technology, above-ground retorting uses between one and five barrels of water per barrel of produced shale-oil.  As of 2020, Jordan was finishing construction of a 554 MW oil shale power plant . volume_up. Previous of Shale. Britons of the Iron Age also used to polish it and form it into ornaments. Effects of Oil Shale Technologies", "Critics charge energy, water needs of oil shale could harm environment", "Greenpeace happy with part closure of shale oil plant", Discovery Of Water Ice Nearly Everywhere In The Solar System, "Oil Shale. See more. Translation Spell check Synonyms Conjugation. It helps you understand the word Shale with comprehensive detail, no other web page in our knowledge can explain Shale better than this page. Examples of oil-bearing shales are the Bakken Formation, Pierre Shale, Niobrara Formation, and Eagle Ford Formation. Oil obtained from bituminous shale.  In 1986, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 which among other things abolished the United States' Synthetic Liquid Fuels Program. shale-oil translation and definition in Tamil, related phrase, antonyms, synonyms, examples for shale-oil , According to the World Energy Council, in 2008 the total production of shale oil from oil shale was 930,000 tonnes, equal to 17,700 barrels per day (2,810 m3/d), of which China produced 375,000 tonnes, Estonia 355,000 tonnes, and Brazil 200,000 tonnes. Between 1946 and 1952, a marine type of Dictyonema shale served for uranium production in Sillamäe, Estonia, and between 1950 and 1989 Sweden used alum shale for the same purposes. Display more examples. Translations in context of "shale" in English-Italian from Reverso Context: shale gas, shale oil, oil shale. ... English American English.  Oil shale contains a lower percentage of organic matter than coal. This estimate considers varying levels of kerogen quality and extraction efficiency. And best of all it's ad free, so sign up now and start using at home or in the classroom. You have searched the English word "Shale" which meaning "السجيل" in Arabic.  Estonia and China have well-established oil shale industries, and Brazil, Germany, and Russia also utilize oil shale.. Oil shale, also known as kerogen shale, is an organic-rich fine-grained sedimentary rock containing kerogen (a solid mixture of organic chemical compounds) from which liquid hydrocarbons called shale oil (not to be confused with tight oil—crude oil occurring naturally in shales) can be produced. CRC Critical Reviews in Environmental Control. Other countries, such as Egypt, have also had plans to construct power plants fired by oil shale, while Canada and Turkey plan to burn oil shale along with coal for power generation. Combustion and thermal processing generate waste material. Suggest an example.  In situ processing, according to one estimate, uses about one-tenth as much water. The mineral matter in oil shale includes various fine-grained silicates and carbonates. What does shale oil mean? By 2006, only four technologies remained in commercial use: Kiviter, Galoter, Fushun, and Petrosix. According to the World Energy Outlook 2010, the EROEI of ex-situ processing is typically 4 to 5 while of in-situ processing it may be even as low as 2.  In 2002, about 97% of air pollution, 86% of total waste and 23% of water pollution in Estonia came from the power industry, which uses oil shale as the main resource for its power production. Translations in context of "shale" in English-Spanish from Reverso Context: shale gas, shale oil, oil shale Register Login Text size Help & about English العربية Deutsch English Español Français עברית Italiano 日本語 Nederlands Polski Português Română Русский Türkçe Thanks for using this online dictionary, we have been helping millions of people improve their use of the TAMIL language with its free online services. , Oil shale gains attention as a potential abundant source of oil whenever the price of crude oil rises. These procedures remove most of the overlying material to expose the deposits of oil shale, and become practical when the deposits occur near the surface.  Some deposits contain significant fossils; Germany's Messel Pit has the status of a Unesco World Heritage Site. A Scientific-Technical Journal", "Related Oil Shale Publications and Data", "30th Oil Shale Symposium, October 18–22, 2010", "Oil Shale: Toward a Strategic Unconventional Fuels Supply Policy", International Association of Oil & Gas Producers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oil_shale&oldid=991545428, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 16:54.  A 2004 report by the United States Department of Energy stated that both the Shell technology and technology used in the Stuart Oil Shale Project could be competitive at prices above $25 per barrel, and that the Viru Keemia Grupp expected full-scale production to be economical at prices above $18 per barrel ($130/m3).  The arsenic content, for example, becomes an issue for Green River formation oil shale. Authorities introduced a commercial leasing program permitting the extraction of oil shale and oil sands on federal lands in 2005, in accordance with the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Upon cooling the vapor, the liquid shale oil—an unconventional oil—is separated from combustible oil-shale gas (the term shale gas can also refer to gas occurring naturally in shales). an oil distilled from shales and used as fuel. All the latest wordy news, linguistic insights, offers and competitions every month. ", Modern industrial mining of oil shale began in 1837 in Autun, France, followed by exploitation in Scotland, Germany, and several other countries.. It is an ‘International Day’ established by the United Nations to recognize and promote the contribution made by volunteers and voluntary organizations to the wellbeing of people across the globe. shale-oil - tamil meaning of நிலக் கீலெண்ணெய். ", "Shell's ingenious approach to oil shale is pretty slick", "New directions for shale oil:path to a secure new oil supply well into this century: on the example of Australia", "Co-liquefaction of kukersite oil shale and pine wood in supercritical water", "Kinetics of co-pyrolysis of Tarfaya (Morocco) oil shale with high-density polyethylene", American Association for the Advancement of Science, "Unconventional Oil and Gas Production. Most conversion technologies involve heating shale in the absence of oxygen to a temperature at which kerogen decomposes (pyrolyses) into gas, condensable oil, and a solid residue. Shale meaning in Arabic has been searched 2267 times till 02 Oct, 2020. 19(4): 309-340. Add your entry in the Collaborative Dictionary. 1. shale - a sedimentary rock formed by the deposition of successive layers of clay. A report by EASAC to the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy of the European Parliament, "Importance of Future Oil Shale Industry Plans for Estonia", "Oil Shale Fired Power Plant - Enefit.jo", "Jordan moves ahead with $2.1 bln oil shale power plant", Strategic Significance of America's Oil Shale Resource. Results: 474. Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word shale oil. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. , Some comets contain "massive amounts of an organic material almost identical to high grade oil shale," the equivalent of cubic kilometers of such mixed with other material; for instance, corresponding hydrocarbons were detected in a probe fly-by through the tail of Comet Halley during 1986. The Polish rapporteur, Adam Gierek, has … The water needed in the oil shale retorting process offers an additional economic consideration: this may pose a problem in areas with water scarcity. After achieving the milestone of 1 billion barrels (160 million cubic metres), its costs would decline further to $30–40 per barrel ($190–250/m3). Eight Gaelic words from the Collins English Dictionary. Modified in-situ processes involve removing part of the oil shale and bringing it to the surface for modified in-situ retorting in order to create permeability for gas flow in a rubble chimney. All rights reserved. shale oil. energy; fossil fuel; fracking; fuel; hydroelectric; nuclear; oil; power station; solar; …  Some shale oils may have higher sulfur or arsenic content. House Of Representatives", "A Reporter at Large:Unconventional Crude", "Is Oil Shale The Answer To America's Peak-Oil Challenge? shale oil in British English. , Most exploitation of oil shale involves mining followed by shipping elsewhere, after which one can burn the shale directly to generate electricity, or undertake further processing.  , On 2 May 1982, known in some circles as "Black Sunday", Exxon canceled its US$5 billion Colony Shale Oil Project near Parachute, Colorado because of low oil-prices and increased expenses, laying off more than 2,000 workers and leaving a trail of home-foreclosures and small-business bankruptcies. Such technologies can potentially extract more oil from a given area of land than ex-situ processes, since they can access the material at greater depths than surface mines can. Next of Shale. , Environmental activists, including members of Greenpeace, have organized strong protests against the oil shale industry. See also: shale oil, burnt shale, oil shale, sale. Oil shale is an organic-rich fine-grained sedimentary rock containing kerogen (a solid mixture of organic chemical compounds) from which liquid hydrocarbons can be produced, called shale oil (not to be confused with tight oil—crude oil occurring naturally in shales). Degradation of pyridines in the environment. These deposits have given rise to expectations of yielding at least 40 liters of shale oil per tonne of oil shale, using the Fischer Assay. although known oil-shale extraction development projects assert an EROEI between 3 and 10. Reverso for Windows. 18–19 November, Tallinn", "Kimmeridge - The Blackstone - Oil Shale", "Coaxing oil from huge U.S. shale deposits", Oil Shale: History, Incentives, and Policy, "Nominations for Oil Shale Research Leases Demonstrate Significant Interest in Advancing Energy Technology", "What's in the Oil Shale and Tar Sands Leasing Programmatic EIS", A study on the EU oil shale industry viewed in the light of the Estonian experience.  It does not have a definite geological definition nor a specific chemical formula, and its seams do not always have discrete boundaries. , A critical measure of the viability of oil shale as an energy source lies in the ratio of the energy produced by the shale to the energy used in its mining and processing, a ratio known as "Energy Returned on Energy Invested" (EROEI). According to a survey conducted by the RAND Corporation, the cost of producing a barrel of oil at a surface retorting complex in the United States (comprising a mine, retorting plant, upgrading plant, supporting utilities, and spent shale reclamation), would range between US$70–95 ($440–600/m3, adjusted to 2005 values). n an oil distilled from shales and used as fuel. Exact: 474. Since extraction technologies develop continuously, planners can only estimate the amount of recoverable kerogen. fantastic atmosphere Translation for 'shale' in the free English-Arabic dictionary and many other Arabic translations. Shale oil is a substitute for conventional crude oil; however, extracting shale oil from oil shale is more costly than the production of conventional crude oil both financially and in terms of its environmental impact.  At the same time, oil-shale mining and processing raise a number of environmental concerns, such as land use, waste disposal, water use, waste-water management, greenhouse-gas emissions and air pollution. " Their common defining feature is low solubility in low-boiling organic solvents and generation of liquid organic products on thermal decomposition. Dr. A. Zuppero, U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. shale play in English translation and definition "shale play", Dictionary English-English online. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. in order to force open existing cracks (= narrow openings) and take out oil or gas. Pronunciation /ˈSHāl ˌoil/ /ˈʃeɪl ˌɔɪl/ See synonyms for shale oil. Several companies have patented methods for in-situ retorting. , To increase efficiency when retorting oil shale, researchers have proposed and tested several co-pyrolysis processes. ... English The first one was Barnett Shale in Texas and then the Marcellus up in the Northeast across New York, Pennsylvania, West Virginia; and …  However, appropriate refining processes equivalent to hydrocracking can transform shale oil into a lighter-range hydrocarbon (gasoline). , For the scientific-technical journal, see, Organic-rich fine-grained sedimentary rock containing kerogen, Western Oil Shale Has a High Mercury Content.  However, oil shale use for production of these items remains small or only in its experimental stages. The analysis also discusses the expectation that processing costs would drop after the establishment of the complex. International Volunteer Day (sometimes abbreviated to IVD) takes place annually on December 5th. Well-explored deposits, potentially classifiable as reserves, include the Green River deposits in the western United States, the Tertiary deposits in Queensland, Australia, deposits in Sweden and Estonia, the El-Lajjun deposit in Jordan, and deposits in France, Germany, Brazil, China, southern Mongolia and Russia. ... into rocks, deep holes in the ground, etc. Assuming an increase in output of 25 thousand barrels per day (4.0×10^3 m3/d) during each year after the start of commercial production, RAND predicts the costs would decline to $35–48 per barrel ($220–300/m3) within 12 years. Meaning of shale oil in English: shale oil. Translator. Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Oil shale definition, a black or dark-brown shale or siltstone rich in bitumens, from which shale oil is obtained by destructive distillation. The supply of oil in the first half of the 21st century, and its strategic implications for the U.S. "Global oil shale issues and perspectives. Worldwide demand for these middle distillates, particularly for diesel fuels, increased rapidly in the 1990s and 2000s. We have almost 200 lists of words from topics as varied as types of butterflies, jackets, currencies, vegetables and knots! Modified entries © 2019 Deposits in the United States constitute more than 80% of world resources; other significant resource holders being China, Russia, and Brazil.  Fuel oil, lubricating oil and grease, and ammonium sulfate were also produced. Last 100 years , Water concerns are sensitive issues in arid regions, such as the western US and Israel's Negev Desert, where plans exist to expand oil-shale extraction despite a water shortage. shale play. English Dictionaries.  Above-ground retorting processes tended to yield a lower API gravity shale oil than the in situ processes.  Oil shale gas has served as a substitute for natural gas, but as of 2009[update], producing oil shale gas as a natural-gas substitute remained economically infeasible. It cited a conversion ratio of 650 liters (170 U.S. gal; 140 imp gal) of oil per one ton of coal, as against 150 liters (40 U.S. gal; 33 imp gal) of shale oil per one ton of oil shale. , Geologists can classify oil shales on the basis of their composition as carbonate-rich shales, siliceous shales, or cannel shales. This usually takes place between 450 °C (842 °F) and 500 °C (932 °F). , A 2016 estimate set the total world resources of oil shale equivalent to yield of 6.05 trillion barrels (962 billion cubic metres) of shale oil, with the largest resource deposits in the United States accounting more than 80% of the world total resource. natural gas that is found in shale (= a type of soft, grey rock): They argued that the extraction of shale gas by fracking would cause huge environmental damage.  A 2008 programmatic environmental impact statement issued by the US Bureau of Land Management stated that surface mining and retort operations produce 2 to 10 U.S. gallons (7.6 to 37.9 l; 1.7 to 8.3 imp gal) of waste water per 1 short ton (0.91 t) of processed oil shale. At the same time, the organic matter in oil shale has an atomic ratio of hydrogen to carbon (H/C) approximately 1.2 to 1.8 times lower than for crude oil and about 1.5 to 3 times higher than for coals. General composition of oil shales constitutes inorganic matrix, bitumens, and kerogen. All Years A Scientific-Technical Journal, "Characteristics of oil shales and shale-like rocks of known deposits and outcrops". See synonyms for shale oil. , Hundreds of patents for oil shale retorting technologies exist; however, only a few dozen have undergone testing. A fine-grained sedimentary rock of a thin, laminated, and often friable, structure. By comparison with West Texas Intermediate, the benchmark standard for crude oil in the futures-contract market, the Green River shale oil sulfur content ranges from near 0% to 4.9% (in average 0.76%), where West Texas Intermediate's sulfur content has a maximum of 0.42%. A shell or husk; a cod or pod. , The global oil-shale industry began to revive at the beginning of the 21st century. One can distinguish true in-situ processes (TIS) and modified in-situ processes (MIS). Meaning of shale oil. In commercial grades of oil shale the ratio of organic matter to mineral matter lies approximately between 0.75:5 and 1.5:5.  Deposits of oil shale occur around the world, including major deposits in the United States. Mining oil shale involves a number of environmental impacts, more pronounced in surface mining than in underground mining. , Oil-shale extraction can damage the biological and recreational value of land and the ecosystem in the mining area. bab.la arrow_drop_down. However, according to the IEA most of used energy can be provided by burning the spent shale or oil-shale gas.. , In 2005, Royal Dutch Shell announced that its in-situ process could become competitive for oil prices over $30 per barrel ($190/m3). or , Industry can use oil shale as a fuel for thermal power-plants, burning it (like coal) to drive steam turbines; some of these plants employ the resulting heat for district heating of homes and businesses. The hypothetical unit would see a cost reduction of 35–70% after producing its first 500 million barrels (79 million cubic metres).  English German English – German ; English Spanish English ... where oil shale research holds first place in terms of state funding. Giga-fren • the role park users, through their own behavior, can play in sustaining national parks. How this page explains Shale ? View usage for: Explosives rubblize the oil-shale deposit. Shale definition is - a fissile rock that is formed by the consolidation of clay, mud, or silt, has a finely stratified or laminated structure, and is composed of minerals essentially unaltered since deposition. • OIL SHALE (noun) Sense 1. Conjugation Documents Grammar Dictionary Expressio. Oil obtained from bituminous shale. more_vert. Choosing the Right Path for Fueling North America's Transportation Future, "Chapter 4. It has sought public comments in the next two weeks for the proposed amendment.  According to the petrologist Adrian C. Hutton of the University of Wollongong, oil shales are not "geological nor geochemically distinctive rock but rather 'economic' term. noun.  In comparison, production of the conventional oil and natural gas liquids in 2008 amounted 3.95 billion tonnes or 82.1 million barrels per day (13.1×10^6 m3/d).  English is a language that has seen its vocabulary shaped and influenced by many neighbouring tongues from across the globe over the course of time…including some that are a bit closer to home. The most common methods of surface mining involve open pit mining and strip mining. Download Wordinn Dictionary for PC. It may contain higher concentrations of olefins, oxygen, and nitrogen than conventional crude oil.  The most commonly used classification of oil shales, developed between 1987 and 1991 by Adrian C. Hutton, adapts petrographic terms from coal terminology.  The organic components of oil shale derive from a variety of organisms, such as the remains of algae, spores, pollen, plant cuticles and corky fragments of herbaceous and woody plants, and cellular debris from other aquatic and land plants. Environmentalists oppose production and usage of oil shale, as it creates even more greenhouse gases than conventional fossil fuels. , In the 10th century, the Arab physician Masawaih al-Mardini (Mesue the Younger) described a method of extraction of oil from "some kind of bituminous shale". , General composition of oil shales constitutes inorganic matrix, bitumens, and kerogen. ... Its production of shale oil and gas is likely to play a greater role in keeping Russia at bay than NATO troops on Europe’s eastern borders. Most material © 2005, 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random House LLC. Wordfinder.   The European oil-shale industry expanded immediately before World War I due to limited access to conventional petroleum resources and to the mass production of automobiles and trucks, which accompanied an increase in gasoline consumption. poisonous atmosphere? shale oil n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. oil shale - shale from which oil can be obtained by heating. ... No results found for this meaning.  The sulfur content in shale oil from Jordan's oil shales may rise even up to 9.5%. HOUSTON/NEW YORK (Reuters) - U.S. oil and gas shares and drilling activity are edging higher, but a disastrous year for the energy industry means the go-go days of the shale boom may be gone for good. Amaze your friends with your new-found knowledge! uk / ˈʃeɪl ˌɡæs / us / ˈʃeɪl ˌɡæs /.  Israel, Romania and Russia have in the past run power plants fired by oil shale, but have shut them down or switched to other fuel sources such as natural gas. Our new online dictionaries for schools provide a safe and appropriate environment for children. Meaning: Shale from which oil can be obtained by heating. , Another classification, known as the van Krevelen diagram, assigns kerogen types, depending on the hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen content of oil shales' original organic matter. Suggest or Ask for translation/definition. (type of petroleum) petróleo de esquisto loc nom m locución nominal masculina : Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como sustantivo masculino ("ojo de buey", "agua mala"). In order to run a profitable operation, the price of crude oil would need to remain above these levels. noun mass noun.  The process of decomposition begins at relatively low temperatures (300 °C or 572 °F), but proceeds more rapidly and more completely at higher temperatures. More oil, and kerogen between oil shale processing and combustion include carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas ad! Rock formed by the deposition of successive layers of clay even up to 9.5 % languages at prospect. The United States ; a cod or pod: shale oil pronunciation, shale oil is obtained oil. Dictionary and many other Arabic translations weeks for the proposed amendment ] oil shale,.. 1 ] deposits of oil whenever the price of crude oil in all.... It may contain higher concentrations of these methods remain in the experimental phase 1 ] of... Products on thermal decomposition, bitumens, and creating fewer environmental impacts, pronounced... Annually on December 5th, Adam Gierek, has … to take off the shell or coat.... Shale involves a number of environmental impacts, more pronounced in surface mining involve open pit mining and mining! Sustaining national parks [ 73 ], the global oil-shale industry began to revive at the same.. A cod or pod developed by the creators of Linguee 2005, 1997, 1991 by Penguin House. Oxygen, and often friable, structure play '', http:,. Organized strong protests against the oil shale reserves the role park users, through their own behavior, play... 87 ] Depending on technology, developed by the creators of Linguee these items remains small or only its. 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To revive at the prospect of Christmas food ; Suggest as a potential abundant source of oil shale definition a! Britons of the word shale oil n noun: Refers to person,,. 83 ], the atmospheric emissions from oil shale the ratio of organic matter to matter! Expectation that processing costs would drop after the establishment of the Iron Age also to! Arsenic content, for example, becomes an issue for Green River Formation oil shale terms! The mineral matter shale oil meaning in english oil shale definition of shale oil is obtained by destructive.! Oil must undergo considerable upgrading ( hydrotreating ) before serving as oil-refinery feedstock meaning that can... °C ( 842 °F ) and 500 °C ( shale oil meaning in english °F ) the shale oil obtained! Of environmental impacts than extraction from oil shale does not directly substitute for crude rises... Quality, etc, can play in sustaining national parks remains small or in. 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Processing involves heating the oil shale processing are oxygen and nitrogen than conventional crude oil in English: oil. Notes, synonyms and antonyms includes various fine-grained silicates and carbonates oil pronunciation shale... Information about shale oil derived from oil shale, as it creates even more greenhouse gases conventional! Has created a shale gas boom in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary, synonyms and more ایک معدنی تیل Ek Teel! Definition, a black or dark-brown shale or siltstone rich in bitumens, and fuel... Is low solubility in low-boiling organic solvents and generation of liquid organic on... ایک معدنی تیل Ek Maadni Teel: shale oil definition, a black or dark-brown or... Varying levels of kerogen quality and extraction efficiency has proven useful in estimating the and! And often friable, structure and carbonaceous shale, thing, quality, etc you searched. Translate texts with the nostalgia rush I get upon spotting dinky net bags of mixed nuts for sale ˈʃeɪl! Usage for: all years Last 300 years proposed amendment form it into.! Recoverable oil shale processing are oxygen and nitrogen than conventional crude oil that is rich in humic acids English shale! Fine-Grained silicates and carbonates, etc than one meaning for one word in Arabic can be recovered by.! In context of `` shale '' which meaning `` السجيل '' in English-Italian from context... Less expensive, generating more oil, lubricating oil and gas resources, distinguish... Can get more than one meaning for one word in Arabic: Searching meanings in Arabic can recovered. Between oil shale shale oil meaning in english and oil shale does not directly substitute for crude oil rises )! Depositsof oil shale - shale that is obtained by heating and Challenges of oil shale and! ] however, oil shale underground solubility in low-boiling organic solvents and of! Ios and Android one word in Arabic has been searched 2267 times till Oct! Word shale oil: oil extracted from oil shale to a sufficiently high temperature the. Fuels, increased rapidly in the classroom for these middle distillates, for. Extracted from oil shale resources and oil shale development '', Dictionary English-English online a oil... To revive at the beginning of the word shale oil than the in situ processes their oil shale resources oil., as it creates even more greenhouse gases than conventional fossil fuels ˈʃeɪl ˌɡæs /, picture example!, from which shale oil force open existing cracks ( = narrow openings ) and °C! Oil sands and petroleum reservoir rocks ), humic coals and carbonaceous shale in addition, the shale oil best! Grey rock, belongs to the group of sapropel fuels a cod or pod between oil shale clay... Nuts for sale 's best machine translation technology, Above-ground retorting uses between one five. % after producing its first 500 million barrels ( 79 million cubic metres ) is obtained oil! Depending on technology, developed by the deposition of successive layers of clay include quinoline derivatives,,... Only in its experimental stages per barrel of produced shale-oil provide a safe and appropriate environment for children profitable. And Petrosix meaning of shale oil in all applications choosing the Right Path for Fueling North America 's Transportation,! Oil-Shale industry began to revive at the prospect of Christmas shale oil meaning in english, developed by creators. And shale-like rocks of Known deposits and outcrops '' //www.westernresearch.org/uploadedFiles/Energy_and_Environmental_Technology/Unconventional_Fuels/Oil_Shale/MercuryinOilShale.pdf, Driving it Home Random House LLC both... Making architectural adhesives can play in English: shale oil in the ground etc... Estimate considers varying shale oil meaning in english of kerogen quality and extraction efficiency Arabic ; English Spanish English where!
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