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The first field trials of genetically modified crops in the country were conducted in 1989. Table 1. Soybean, maize and cotton – gmo.geneticliteracyproject.org Mutations in DNA are closely tied to cancer and other diseases, and thus over the long term, consuming GMO products could cause chronic disease. This has implications for consumers, farmers and farm workers,” she warned. Approximately 12% of the sur-face area can be used for crop production and high-potential arable land comprises only 22% of total arable land with about . More than 70 % of all the GM crops currently grown in … “There are health related issues which include impacts on the kidneys, liver, the stomach, reproductive system and the immune system. A buyer's guide to suppliers of non-GMO and organic seeds, grains, ingredients, feed and foods For GMO food products to be sold in the United States, they must meet the same quality and safety standards as any other food product. Cotton, papaya, poplar – gmo.geneticliteracyproject.org . The ACB is deeply concerned by the news that the South African GMO authorities have permitted over 25,000 tons of … Protection and sustainable use of environmental resources. In other countries, the maize and soya is used predominantly for animal feed and for process foods – corn starch, corn syrup, soya flour, soya lecithin. Genetically modified crops are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering techniques. The challenge for agricultural production is to keep up with population growth and demand. Corn Crisps/chips, Polenta, thickeners, sweet corn, cornflakes, breakfast cereals baby cereals, sausages, maize meal, Eat products that are produced with Organic / Heirloom corn or eat Organic corn on the cob. The statistics for the 2011–12 maize production season illustrate the scale of GMO penetration in the country. Agricultural export earned South African food corporations a record US$10.6 billion in 2018. Africa Resistance to genetically modified seeds in Africa. The transfer of genes from an allergenic organism to a non-allergenic organism can increase the risk of the new organism causing allergic reactions. The Consumer Protection Act makes labeling of GM food mandatory. But the food industry disputes the interpretation of the regulations meant to implement this, and so we have been at stalemate on the labeling issue for years now. • Maize – e.g. The three crops are maize, cotton and soya. “The Consumer Protection Act makes labeling of GM food mandatory. in South Africa. However, although some companies have started labeling voluntarily, government is certainly not doing enough to implement labeling, and monitoring – which is extremely necessary – is not happening,” said Swanby. In theory, the idea of a drought resistant plant, or a fruit that won’t turn brown is great, but what’s going on behind the scenes to create these results, and could they be harmful to your health? CHAPTER 2 DETECTION OF GMOs IN FOOD PRODUCTS IN SOUTH AFRICA 63 2.1 Introduction 64 2.2 Materials and methods 70 2.2.1 Product selection and sampling 70 2.2.2 DNA isolation 73 2.2.3 Screening for genetic modification 74 2.3 Results and discussion 75 2.4 Conclusion 82 Glyphosate is found in every loaf of bread sold in supermarkets across the country. While many people have concerns about the food they consume being derive… Soy. Up to 90% of soybeans in the market have been genetically modified to be naturally resistant to an herbicide called, Round Up. The Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), a Melinda-Gates Foundation-funded organization, is now seeking to increase farm productivity across the continent, and strongly believes that farmers don’t need GMO seeds to improve yields. RELATED: GMOs in South Africa: Facts at a Glance The first GM crops, yellow maize hybrids from Monsanto, were introduced in 1997. Most obvious are a drop in the price of food, an increase in the amount of food available for the growing population and the sustainability of the farming industry. Although the concept of genetic engineering seems like a modern phenomenon, it has been around for thousands of years. Genetically modified foods information including list of GM foods with DNA changes and pros and cons of GM food. However, Biowatch South Africa, an organisation interested in food security and biosafety in the country, reports that field trials have been carried out on genetically modified potatoes, wheat, canola, sugarcane, apple, eucalyptus, strawberry, sugar … In the future biotech crops could offer foods with higher nutrient levels, longer shelf life and the ability to grow, even in the face of climate change. Potjiekos is a quintessential South African dish born purely out of necessity to cook whilst … The USA, Brazil, Argentina, India and some European countries allow GM technology. Despite this there is no shortage of websites and blogs either fully supporting the use of GMOs, or campaigning for their complete ban. Until 2008 South Africa was the only cultivator of GM maize, cotton and soybeans on the continent. Agriculture in South Africa. Regulations in South Africa. Fact Sheet: GMOs in South Africa. And even if these products were correctly labeled, the majority of South Africans would have little choice but to consume them,” said Haidee Swanby from African Centre for Biosafety (ACB). Research needs to be followed up as most GMOs are grown with herbicides – particularly glyphosate, which was declared a probable human carcinogen by the International Research Agency of the World Health Organisation (IARC). But the two countries could not let the endless debates around biotech derail their newfound formula for averting hunger. South Africa is unique in that it has allowed the country’s staple foods to be genetically modified. Soy: Soy flour, lecithin, protein, isolate, and isoflavone, vegetable oil and vegetable protein, Canola: Canola oil (also called rapeseed oil). The GMOs available in South Africa include insect resistant and herbicide tolerant maize, insect resistant and herbicide tolerant cotton and herbicide tolerant soybean (Department of Agriculture, 2005). Some of the health concerns of food safety are warranted. They refused to wait for the rest of the continent to make up its mind. Soy. This combining of DNA sets leads to the creation of a new variety of plant or organism, designed to n withstand weed killers and herbicides that contain the active ingredient glyphosate – a product that kills all plants that are not genetically modified. Officially, 80% of South African maize products contain GMOs. Pests have been a big problem in South Africa for decades, and GM crops, when first introduced, were seen by many as a new and much-needed solution to the problem. GMO food remains unlabeled in the US despite consumers wanting to know (and having the right to know) what they are eating and drinking. The Kingdom of Swaziland, the country worst-affected by HIV on the planet, has made monumental gains in the fight against AIDS in the past five years. Despite the successful commercial use of GMOs around the world over the past 20 years, there are still anti-GMO lobby groups. The method we use is a standardized polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology that quantifies any GMOs present in your feed samples. Aspartame. The Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), a Melinda-Gates Foundation-funded organization, is now seeking to increase farm productivity across the continent, and strongly believes that farmers … ... (21 %), Canada (6 %), Brazil (4 %), China (4 %), and South Africa (1 %) and today the Grocery Manufacturers of America estimate that 75 % of all processed foods in the U.S. contain a GM ingredient. Even though you may not realize it, you’re probably eating GMOs. While there have been several health issues raised, the 4 main concerns related to GMOs are: GMO crops are designed to withstand weed killers and herbicides that contain the active ingredient glyphosate, a product that kills all plants that are not genetically modified. Galloway is a miller who is passionately building a business that a few months ago became the only mill in South Africa to start processing only non-GMO super maize. Health concern around GMO consumption is vigorously refuted by many, but Galloway believes there is a moral imperative to give people the choice to buy affordable non-GMO foods. The USA, Brazil, Argentina, India and some European countries allow GM technology. In other countries, the maize and soya is used predominantly for animal feed and for process foods – corn starch, corn syrup, soya flour, soya lecithin. When compared to organic foods, Stanford University has even found that there are no additional health risks when eating GMO foods or organic foods. GMO foods are designed to be healthier and cheaper to produce, but genetic modification is not without consequences. Public debates on “GMO use in South Africa” therefore predominantly relates to GM crops or GM foods. Sudan grew GM cotton in 2012. GMO food remains unlabeled in the US despite consumers wanting to know (and having the right to know) what they are eating and drinking. South Africa is home to some of the world's finest organic food markets, where you'll find an astounding array of high-quality fruit and vegetables (often sold by the farmers themselves at reasonable prices); artisan food and beverages; a bustling, feel-good atmosphere; and more than ample seating to watch the interesting people go by. “The Health Department does not have a position on GMO as there is broad scientific consensus that genetically engineered crops currently on the market are safe to eat. One of the largest studies conducted found that GMO crops has lead to an increase in weed-killing herbicides, and that weeds build up resistance against the herbicides. Seeds modified in a lab are often touted as a means to boost agriculture and food security in Africa. GM crops are so far only commercially available in South Africa, but there have been field trials in Kenya, Egypt and Burkina Faso, and also in Senegal and Zimbabwe where there was no public knowledge or regulatory oversight. But when the rest of Africa started to get cold feet about using the technology, especially after a resurgence of activism against GMOs, South Africa and Sudan had a decision to make. More than 70% of local corn crops are genetically modified. A study by Friends of the Earth Europe revealed that the populations of 18 countries globally have traces of glyphosate in their urine. NO GMO South Africa. What are other sources of GMOs? The majority of these species contain genes that make them either tolerant to herbicides or resistant to insects. Since then, with the advancement of technology, scientists have been able to engineer bacteria that produce medication-grade drugs, organisms to break down oil, and beagles that glow in the dark (seriously). Galloway says she has looked hard but has struggled to find any maize products labeled GMO-free. South Africa 1997 Sudan 2012 USA 1995 Eggplant: Food Bangladesh 2013 12 ha planted … NO GMO South Africa is aimed at raising awareness of the dangers of genetically modified organisms in South Africa. Many other GM crops are currently in field trials and recent approvals include six different varieties of potato, two varieties of apple and one rice variety. They would use this technique to snip off the good genes of one plant, virus or bacteria and plug them into another to create a “better” or more desirable version. Residue of glyphosate sticks onto crops and makes its way into food. A GMO is any type of organism, plant, or animal, whose genetic material has been manipulated through genetic engineering. Most African countries rely on subsistence farming. ), and is often referred to as “the father of genetics”. Most Products are Not Labelled Correctly or Mislabelled as "May Contain Genetically Modified Organisms". Here is a list of the 10 most common GMO foods so you can be more aware while grocery shopping. This gives you the independent verification you need to trade in confidence with countries specifying GMO-free products. In South Africa, labelling laws require that any product containing at least 5% of any GM goods or ingredients must be labelled. Developing countrie… According to the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) about 10 million tons of food is wasted in South Africa on an annual basis. Fact Sheet: GMOs in South Africa. These differences have created sharp trade conflicts for some nations, while also opening up export opportunities for others that favor GMO technologies. Other countries such as Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mali, Zimbabwe, Nigeria and Ghana have since allowed the importation of genetically modified food. They also feature widespread food vending in the urban spaces. Sweeteners: Sugar not specified as 100% cane sugar is likely GM. GM crops will increase the use of chemicals. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-truth-about-genetically-modified-food/ These help producers identify whether then new genetic material has been transferred across. 12. Jonathan Latham, who writes for Bioscience, claims that the purpose of GM foods is not to feed the world or improve farming, but is rather about commercial gain. Despite the higher cost of GM seeds, adoption by many farmers was quick, steady, and widespread. While many people have concerns about the food they consume being derive… This increased resistance to the herbicide allows farmers to use more Round Up to kill weeds. Other common traits in NO GMO South Africa. South Africans are eating GMO foods every day, Revealed: the corruption behind Gauteng Health crisis, Woman survives alleged human trafficking scam. The implications are serious for South Africa, as the European Union does not cultivate glyphosate-tolerant GM crops and only imports products that are used for animal feed and not human consumption, as is the case here. When analyzing processed foods, it can be difficult to detect material derived from genetically modified plants due to its degradation during the manufacturing process. Health-e News is an award-winning print and TV health news service providing content to South African news outlets. Updated facts about GMOs and GM crops in South Africa, and why it's important to avoid and speak out against GMOs. South Africa has a dual agricultural econ-omy, with a well-developed commercial sector and a reasonably big subsistence sector. Explosive details of a Special Investigation Unit report on massive corruption within the Gauteng Health Department that was quietly shelved have been revealed civil society organisations keen to expose rot amounting to about R1,2-billion. South Africa is ranked first in Africa and ninth globally as the mega-biotech country on the basis of the number of hectares of biotech crops under cultivation. Some labels state “non-GMO” while others spell out “Made Without Genetically Modified Ingredients.” Some products limit their claim to only one particular “At-Risk” ingredient such as soy lecithin, listing it as “non-GMO.”. All HAST products are GMO Free, HACCP, ISO 22000 and South Africa Retail Consortium Certified, and have the approval of SA Food & Drug Administration. Beginning in 1998, South Africa is the major grower of GM crops, with Burkina Faso and Egypt starting in 2008. 12K likes. The pros of GMO crops are that they may contain more nutrients, are grown with fewer pesticides, and are usually cheaper than their non-GMO counterparts. 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